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What is Turf Grass?

Turfgrass is actually a landscaping and lawn gardening term for the grass used on a lawn. This type of grass is in contrast with ornamental grasses, that are normally larger, taller, and grow in bunches. Well-known types of turfgrass include St. Augustine grass, centipede grass, and zoysia grass.

Although normally prized for its luxurious carpet, which softens the ground for playgrounds and sports events, turf grass has an important objective in many landscaping designs. Properly planted grass can help prevent flooding and prevent erosion for the duration of heavy rains. In hot areas, a well-maintained lawn can help cool the ground and surrounding areas, minimizing the need to have for electric cooling.

Turfgrass has its advantages, but maintaining a healthy carpet of grass does present its challenges. The majority of these types of grasses are susceptible to illnesses, pests, and soil problems that could trigger brown spots or lawn death. Generally, good cultural practices, also called lawn care, will prevent a lawn from creating main pest and disease problems, but some levels of pest or disease infestation must be addressed with direct therapy.

Types of insect pests that invade turfgrass patches include grubs, chinch bugs, and sod webworms. Grubs are little white larvae that kill grass in brown patches. A single telltale sign of a grub dilemma is grass that peels very easily away from the ground. Underneath the peeled layer, one particular will uncover visible grubs in an infested lawn.

Chinch bugs are black with short-looking white wings folded across the back, and adult bugs are approximately the size of an unpopped popcorn kernel. These bugs damage a lawn by extending a needle-like proboscis into the tender base on the grass stem, sucking juices from the plant. A proboscis is really a needle-like extremity that extends in the head of an insect. When the chinch bug sucks juices in the grass, in addition, it injects a substance that kills the grass.

You can find a huge selection of non-insect problems that may also influence turf grass. A few of the most typical grass problems include brown patch grass disease, take-all root rot, and damage from dogs. Brown patch grass disease and take-all root rot are triggered by fungal growth in the grass, generally below the wet conditions encouraged by watering also late within the morning. Dog urine can damage lawns on account of its nitrogen content, but when the soiled area is thoroughly flushed with water within eight hours of its deposit, the nitrogen within the urine can truly be beneficial for under-nourished grass.